Chinese In North America(北美华人e网)

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美财长周一表示:还是会随时征关税!美贸易代表莱特希泽发强硬声明:仍可能对中国产品上关税!

美贸易代表莱特希泽发强硬声明:仍可能对中国产品上关税

在特朗普(Trump)政府是否打算推进对中国进口商品加征关税的问题上,美国财政部长姆努钦(Steven Mnuchin)与贸易代表莱特希泽(Robert Lighthizer)周日发表了相互矛盾的声明。

姆努钦周日上午称,在双方敲定减少美中巨额商品贸易逆差的协议细节之际,特朗普政府将暂时搁置贸易战,推迟对中国输美商品加征关税。

不过,几个小时后莱特希泽发表的声明似乎与姆努钦相互矛盾。莱特希泽称,美国政府可能仍会诉诸关税以及投资限制和出口限制等其他工具,除非中国对经济进行真正的结构性改革。

熟悉白宫内部考量的人士透露莱特希泽发出的信号是他在和中国的贸易纠纷上不接受一个兑了水的目标或策略。

莱特希泽是一位强硬的、经验丰富的贸易谈判人员,他以立场坚定而闻名。莱特希泽在其声明中表示,中国有必要进行真正的结构性改革,这关系到数千万美国就业机会。

莱特希泽称,虽然让中国向更多美国出口产品开放市场非常重要,但更重要的是强制技术转让、网络窃取及美国创新保护等问题。

熟悉白宫内情的人说姆努钦的声明将把关税的威胁推迟到至少6月12日川普总统与金正恩会面之后。

一名美国贸易官员说莱特希泽和姆努钦“意见一致”,莱特希泽告诉了姆努钦和川普总统他将会发表声明。他还提到姆努钦说如果中国不兑现承诺,关税就会生效。

熟悉此事的白宫官员说:“姆努钦带领了贸易代表团,但是和其他成员紧密合作。” 他还说莱特希泽星期日的声明是和姆努钦一起协作写出的。


上周,中美两国进行了激烈的谈判,寻求解决特朗普政府围绕美国对华3,750亿美元贸易逆差问题的担忧。美国之前要求中国将对美顺差至少削减2,000亿美元。中国愿意增加购买美国产品,但拒绝就具体金额达成一致。

对于中国未同意减少2,000亿美元对美贸易顺差,姆努钦淡化处理,称双边贸易是在公司之间进行的,而不是通过一个政府采购决定实现的,而且最终取决于各行业能否获得具有约束性的合同并交付商品。

中国国务院副总理刘鹤上周率领中国代表团访问华盛顿,试图结束两国间不断升级的贸易紧张关系。中共官方媒体新华社报道称,刘鹤周末也谈到了贸易谈判的进展,称双方同意避免贸易战,并停止互相加征关税。

本月早些时候姆努钦及其他美国高级贸易官员曾访问北京。但莱特希泽的声明表明,美国方面的一些人认为,中美分歧仍很大。

贸易律师、前克林顿贸易办公室谈判代表C. Donald Johnson称,美国谈判人员相互矛盾的表述无助于阐述美国立场。Johnson称,习近平和刘鹤的立场则表达的很清楚。

双方还就美国放宽对中兴通讯股份有限公司(ZTE Corp.,0763.HK,简称﹕中兴通讯)的限制进行了谈判,美国担心这家中资电信设备生产商公司可能会利用其技术通过手机来监视美国人。

美国政府此前认定中兴通讯违反了美国对朝鲜和伊朗的制裁,美国商务部已发出禁令,要求美国公司在正式审查结束之前不得向中兴通讯供应零部件。姆努钦周日早间接受采访时就中兴通讯发表评论称:“这是一个执法问题,并不是一个贸易问题。”

中共外交部长王毅将在本周访问华盛顿,继续讨论关于中兴的问题。
最后编辑ScottishFold 最后编辑于 2018-05-21 13:03:04
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Treasury, U.S. Trade Representative Send Mixed Messages Over Tariffs on Chinese Imports​
https://www.wsj.com/articles/mnuchin-says-tariffs-on-hold-while-u-s-negotiates-trade-deal-with-china-1526833109

The Treasury secretary and the administration’s top trade official took markedly different positions over whether the U.S. will move forward with tariffs on Chinese imports, punctuating several days of negotiations between the world’s two biggest economies with a question mark.

Several hours after Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told Fox News on Sunday that the U.S. was “putting the trade war on hold” and wouldn’t assess tariffs on Beijing while the two sides talked, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer put out a statement saying that tariffs remained an important tool to “protect our technology.”

Mr. Lighthizer didn’t say the U.S. would resort to tariffs any time soon, and Mr. Mnuchin didn’t rule out tariffs, and a U.S. trade official played down the disparity, but trade experts said the differences in tone and substance stood out. People familiar with the administration’s internal deliberations said Mr. Lighthizer was signaling that he wouldn’t accept a watered-down version of U.S. goals or tactics in the trade dispute with China.

The U.S. has threatened to levy tariffs on as much as $150 billion in Chinese imports over Beijing’s alleged pressure on U.S. companies to transfer technology to Chinese partners, and Beijing has vowed to retaliate in kind. The procedural steps to apply tariffs on the first $50 billion tranche of Chinese imports are scheduled to be completed this week.

“There is growing frustration with Secretary Mnuchin getting ahead of both the president and the trade team on the direction of the Chinese negotiations,” said a person familiar with the China negotiations. “His eagerness to do a deal significantly undercuts the U.S. negotiating position.”

In effect, Mr. Mnuchin’s statement would put off the threat of tariffs until at least after the June 12 summit between President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un, said people familiar with the administration’s deliberations. China is crucial to any possible deal with North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons.

The battling statements come one day after the U.S. and China ended talks in Washington to reduce trade tensions. The talks were led by Mr. Mnuchin, but Mr. Lighthizer and Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross were also on the U.S. negotiating team.

After two days of negotiations, the U.S. failed to get China to commit to reducing the U.S. trade deficit with China by at least $200 billion, a top U.S. goal. Mr. Mnuchin said on “Fox News Sunday” that “we have an agreement with China that they will substantially agree” to trade deficit reduction, although the statement put out by the two sides after the talks contained no specific numerical targets.

Others in the administration, including Mr. Lighthizer and White House trade adviser Peter Navarro, have been arguing that the U.S. must insist on more fundamental changes in the Chinese economic model and shouldn’t be satisfied with increased purchases along with some modest changes in Chinese trade and investment practices.

“Getting China to open its market to more U.S. exports is significant, but the far more important issues revolve around forced technology transfers, cyber theft and the protection of our innovation,” said Mr. Lighthizer in his statement.

A U.S. trade official said that Mr. Lighthizer and Mr. Mnuchin are “on the same page.” Mr. Lighthizer informed Mr. Mnuchin and President Trump that he was going to put out the statement, the official said. He also noted that Mr. Mnuchin said that tariffs could be put into effect if China doesn’t follow through on commitments.


“Secretary Mnuchin led the trade delegation but worked closely with others in the delegation,” said a second senior administration official. He added that Messrs. Lighthizer and Mnuchin worked together on Mr. Lighthizer’s Sunday statement.

Derek Scissors, a China scholar at the American Enterprise Institute who sometimes consults with the Trump administration on trade, said the administration is divided into two camps on China trade. What he called the “status quo” camp is led by Mr. Mnuchin and National Economic Council Director Lawrence Kudlow. Worried about market and business reaction to a trade war, this group seeks a fast deal involving more Chinese purchases.

The “China-as-predator” camp, led by Messrs. Lighthizer, Navarro and some national security officials, is looking for more significant change and is more willing to resort to trade sanctions even if they disrupt the market, he said.

Mr. Mnuchin faces an immediate deadline. The president asked the Treasury to report to him by Monday on “progress” it is making in devising rules that would restrict Chinese investment in the U.S. if Beijing doesn’t ease limits on U.S. companies operating there.

Treasury has been looking at rules that would bar Chinese firms from acquiring any U.S. technology and is wrestling with a variety of challenges in devising the rules. They include how to define a Chinese firm, as well as what kind of acquisitions or technologies should be blocked.

Treasury was widely expected by trade experts in Washington to release an investment proposal Monday. But a senior administration official said that, at most, Treasury would release a statement about what Mr. Mnuchin reports to the president on the status of the proposal. By declaring a temporary truce in the trade war, Mr. Mnuchin “is saying it’s all on hold,” said Mr. Scissors.

C. Donald Johnson, a former USTR negotiator and trade lawyer in the Clinton administration, said conflicting statements from Washington’s negotiators don’t help U.S. negotiations.

“I know where [Chinese President] Xi Jinping and Liu He are coming from,” said Mr. Johnson. “But our side is so confused.”

In addition to discussions over trade issues, the U.S. and China have been negotiating over a deal for the U.S. to ease restrictions on ZTE Corp., the Chinese telecom company that has struggled since the U.S. punished it for violating sanctions against North Korea and Iran, and not living up to promises to the Commerce Department to make changes in management.

Commerce has forbidden U.S. companies from supplying parts to ZTE pending an official review. Mr. Mnuchin said he discussed ZTE with the Chinese during trade talks but the matter is “an enforcement issue, not a trade issue.”

China’s top diplomat, Foreign Minister Wang Yi, is due in Washington this coming week and will continue the discussions on ZTE, said people briefed on the talks.
最后编辑ScottishFold 最后编辑于 2018-05-21 11:11:02
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川老爷子不吱声,谁也不知道他到底怎么想的
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川老爷子不吱声,谁也不知道他到底怎么想的
斯德哥尔摩傻屄 发表于 5/21/2018 11:07:53 AM

仔细看文章,这几个POINTS

A U.S. trade official said that Mr. Lighthizer and Mr. Mnuchin are “on the same page.” Mr. Lighthizer informed Mr. Mnuchin and President Trump that he was going to put out the statement, the official said. He also noted that Mr. Mnuchin said that tariffs could be put into effect if China doesn’t follow through on commitments.

“Secretary Mnuchin led the trade delegation but worked closely with others in the delegation,” said a second senior administration official. He added that Messrs. Lighthizer and Mnuchin worked together on Mr. Lighthizer’s Sunday statement.

In effect, Mr. Mnuchin’s statement would put off the threat of tariffs until at least after the June 12 summit between President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un, said people familiar with the administration’s deliberations. China is crucial to any possible deal with North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons.
最后编辑ScottishFold 最后编辑于 2018-05-21 15:32:20
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一定是这样的。

大量买东西解决不了中美贸易结构性问题。  只要中国继续通过政府补贴, 出口退税等倾销方式占领海外市场, 巨额逆差就永远存在。
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一定是这样的。

大量买东西解决不了中美贸易结构性问题。  只要中国继续通过政府补贴, 出口退税等倾销方式占领海外市场, 巨额逆差就永远存在。
slowdog 发表于 5/21/2018 11:14:25 AM

莱特希泽称,虽然让中国向更多美国出口产品开放市场非常重要,但更重要的是强制技术转让、网络窃取及美国创新保护等问题。


熟悉白宫内部考量的人士透露莱特希泽发出的信号是他在和中国的贸易纠纷上不接受一个兑了水的目标或策略。
最后编辑ScottishFold 最后编辑于 2018-05-21 11:18:33
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Mr. Lighthizer的声明是经过川普同意的,是和Mnuchin一起协作写出来的。
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这就外行人也看的出来吧,中国又在耍花招
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6月12日的川金会很关键。

另外王毅本周来华盛顿。
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这就外行人也看的出来吧,中国又在耍花招
aggies 发表于 5/21/2018 11:20:02 AM

这次再耍什么花招也没用了。美国很强硬。
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