Fugue, BWV 1000
Composer: Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750)
Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. Known as the father of classical music, Bach created more than 1,100 works, including roughly 300 sacred cantatas. His output is unparalleled and includes about every musical genre outside of opera. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival, he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.
The Fugue in G minor is a musical composition, possibly for the lute, written by Johann Sebastian Bach shortly after he moved from Köthen to Leipzig in 1723. Bach extracted the second movement from his Sonata No. 1 in G minor for solo violin, BWV 1001, written in 1720, and rewrote it; it is not clear that it was intended for the lute.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject that is introduced at the beginning in imitation and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition. This fugue is frequently performed on violin, guitar, piano, even lute today. The guitar arrangement is based on Frank Koonce''''s book. It is selected as one of RCM (The Royal Conservatory of Music) Associate Diploma (ARCT) repertoire. The Associate Diploma (ARCT) and the Licentiate Diploma (LRCM) are the highest academic standings awarded by the RCM Certificate Program.
约翰·塞巴斯蒂安·巴赫（德语：Johann Sebastian Bach，1685年3月31日－1750年7月28日），巴洛克时期的德国作曲家，杰出的管风琴、小提琴、大键琴演奏家，同作曲家亨德尔和泰勒曼齐名。巴赫被普遍认为是音乐史上最重要的作曲家之一，并被尊称为“西方‘现代音乐’之父”，也是西方文化史上最重要的人物之一。
巴赫为独奏小提琴而作的奏鸣曲与组曲一共6首，BWV1001—1006，大约于1720年创作于德国克滕。这6首奏鸣曲与组曲，巴赫设计了小提琴表达所能演奏的一切和弦，使用了几乎不可能演奏的对位技巧。它们构成了巴赫小提琴音乐的最高峰巅。这首赋格(赋格曲是复调音乐的一种形式，同时也是巴赫在复调音乐中所成就的最高形式。 赋格的结构与写法比较规范。 乐曲开始时，以单声部形式贯穿全曲的主要音乐素材称为"主题"，与主题形成对位关系的称为"对题"。 之后该主题及对题可以在不同声部中轮流出现，主题与主题之间也常有过渡性的乐句作音乐的对比。)的吉他编曲源自于巴赫的鲁特琴版本，根据第1號奏鸣曲（BWV 1001）的第二乐章编曲的鲁特琴版本是编写，部分旋律略有不同。是RCM（皇家音乐学院考级）吉他最高级别ARCT(演奏家和教师文凭）的选曲之一。